What most people say is that cats are peeing to “get back at us” when they pee outside of their litter box.
While it may be annoying and frustrating to come home to cat pee, it’s important for cat owners to understand that the cat is trying to communicate something to us. With a bit of investigative work, you should be able to determine the reason why and eliminate the cause.
One of the things that cats may be trying to communicate with you by this behavior is that there is something medically wrong with them. This can be a sign of urinary tract infection, kidney disease, diabetes, hyperthyroidism and feline lower urinary tract disease. Any of these issues, if left untreated, can become very serious. It would be wise to take your cat to the vet to make sure that none of these could be an issue.
If your cat is older, they could have developed arthritis. If they have, it could make it difficult to get in and out of the litter box, depending on how high up the sides are.
It is also important to identify if your cat is spraying or peeing. If your cat is spraying, it is important for you to try and get them spayed or neutered as soon as possible. Your veterinarian can prescribe your cat anti-anxiety medication for your cat to help alleviate some of the spraying.
Peeing outside the litter box could also be a behavioral issue. Try and think if there is something in your home that has changed recently. Cats are very opposed to change for the most part. If you have moved to a new home or brought home a new pet, this could be a catalyst for your cat’s behavior. Something as simple as a new stray cat coming outside the window or rearranging the furniture could be enough to trigger some pets. Keep in mind if you have more than one cat you should have one litter box for each cat, and maybe an extra one for good measure.
Now that we have hopefully narrowed down why your cat may be peeing outside the litter box, lets try to get the problem to stop. You will want to tackle this issue quickly to eliminate the behavior before it becomes a habit.
It’s important that you thoroughly clean the mess that they have left behind. Eliminating the odor isn’t just good for you but also good because it will not draw your cat back to the same place. You can use a black light to identify any problem areas.
If you live in a multi-cat household, it is important to have enough living space for each cat. You could get elevated perches and hanging beds for the cats to easily get away from the others.
Clean your litter box regularly. If the litter box begins to get pretty crowded, it is almost guaranteed to send your cat to use the bathroom elsewhere. Heavily perfumed cat litter can also be an issue for some cats. You may need to explore your litter options if you have a picky cat. Studies have shown that among cats, the preferred litter type is an unscented, clumping clay litter containing activated charcoal. If you plan on switching litter you should keep a litter box around with the old litter in it, just in case.